Sheikh Abdullah Al-Salem Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah
عبدالله السالم المبارك الصباح
His Highness
Shaikh Abdullah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah.jpg
11th Ruler of Kuwait
1st Emir of the State of Kuwait
Reign29 January 1950 – 24 November 1965
Coronation25 February 1950
PredecessorAhmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
SuccessorSabah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah
Standard of the Emir of Kuwait, 1956.svg Sheikhdom of Kuwait
Died24 November 1965(1965-11-24) (aged 69–70)
FatherSalim Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah
MotherSheikha Mariam bint Jarrah Al-Sabah

Sheikh Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah (1895 – 24 November 1965, Arabic: الشيخ عبد الله الثالث السالم الصباح) was the eleventh ruler of Kuwait, the first Emir of the State of Kuwait, and commander-in-chief of Kuwait Military Forces from 29 January 1950 until his death.


Abdullah was the eldest son of Salim Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah. He was the minister of finance from 1939 to 1940.[1] He took power after the death of his cousin Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah and also ruled as regent upon the death of his father until the election of Sheikh Ahmad. The anniversary of his coronation, 25 February, serves as Kuwait's national day.[2]

Unlike his predecessors, Abdullah was more pro-Arab than pro-British. He effectively ended the British "protectorate" status of Kuwait by signing a treaty with the British on 19 June 1961. He is regarded as the founder of modern Kuwait. He introduced the Constitution of Kuwait in 1962, followed by the Parliament in 1963.[citation needed] He was much more committed to constitutionalism and parliamentary democracy in contrast to next rulers.[3]


Sheikh Abdullah Al-Salim died in 1965 after suffering from a heart attack during the opening session of the National Assembly and was succeeded by his half-brother, Sabah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah. Abdullah was the father of Sheikh Saad, who ruled briefly in January 2006,[citation needed] Sheikh Khalid and Sheikh Ali who is a governor.

Honours and awardsEdit


  • The Order of National Defence.gif Sovereign Grand Master of the Order of National Defense
  • Military Duty Order (Kuwait).gif Sovereign Grand Master of the Military Duty Order



  1. "وزارة المالية - دولة الكويت".
  2. "National and liberation days". Kuwait Times. 26 February 2015. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
  3. Paul Salem (June 2007). "Kuwait: Politics in a Participatory Emirate" (PDF). Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (3): 4.
Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah
Born: 1895 Died: 24 November 1965
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Himself, as Sheikh of Kuwait and dependencies
Emir of Kuwait
Succeeded by
Sabah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah
Preceded by
Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
Sheikh of Kuwait
Succeeded by
Himself, as Emir of Kuwait

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